Cost-Utility Analysis of Virtual and Mannequin-Based Simulation

Katie A. Haerling, PhD

Society for Simulation in Healthcare, Vol. 13, Number 1, February 2018


The purposes of this study were to (1) compare learning outcomes between students who participated in mannequin-based simulation activities and students who participated in virtual simulation activities and (2) describe a cost-utility analysis comparing the two types of simulation activities in terms of costs and multiple measures of effectiveness.

Key Points

  • There were no significant differences in quantitative measures of learning or performance between participants in the mannequin-based and virtual simulation groups.
  • In the cost-utility analysis, the virtual simulation activity had a more favorable cost-utility ratio of US $1.08 versus the mannequin-based simulation activity’s US $3.62.
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