Clinical Virtual Simulation in Nursing Education

José Miguel Padilha, RN, MScN, PhD, Paulo Puga Machado, RN, MScN, PhD, Ana Leonor Ribeiro, RN, MScN, PhD, José Luís Ramos, RN, MScN
The full text of this publication is available on the INACSL site.


The introduction of simulation has produced significant improvements in nursing education. The technological evolution gives way to new opportunities through new pedagogical strategies. Some limitations found in high-fidelity simulators can be overcome by clinical virtual simulation (CVS). However, little is known about students’ perceived ease, usefulness, and intention to use this new pedagogical strategy applied to nursing education. The aim of this study is to assess the ease, usefulness, and intention of pre-graduate nursing students to use a clinical virtual simulator.


The results showed an average of perceived ease to use the simulator of 8.99 (SD ± 1) and a perceived usefulness and intention of 9.60 (SD ± 0.55) to use the clinical virtual simulator in pre-graduate nursing education. Results also showed an average of 9.55 (SD ± 0.73) for relevance and an average of 9.71 points (SD ± 0.59) for the facilitator role of CVS in nursing education.


The pre-graduate nursing students revealed perceived ease, usefulness, and intention to use CVS as an important complementary strategy for their nursing education programs.